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Developing a Wildlife Enterprise - Header Image with images of hunters and various wildlife.
Home || Wildlife Basics || Habitat Management || Legal Aspects || Your Wildlife Enterprise || Meet Enterprise Managers
Acknowledgments

Web Site Coordinator
Rebecca (Becky) McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Web Site Design
Trilocal Web Design & Hosting

Project Consultant
Jim Miller, Mississippi State University Extension Service

Reviewers and Evaluators
Elaine Andrews, National Web-Based Learning Center
Michael Cartwright, Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Katherine Jacobs, Mississippi State University
Charles Self, Arkansas Game and Fish Commission

Cooperating Agencies and Organizations
Arkansas Forest Resources Center
Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Mississippi State University Extension Service
S.T.R.I.V.E., University of Arkansas – Little Rock
University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Special thanks to
Sam Jackson, Coordinator, National Web-Based Learning Center, The University of Tennessee
Tom Riley, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Mike French, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Ivory Lyles, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Photo credits - masthead
Drake in flight – Erwin & Peggy Bauer, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Deer hunters – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Posting – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
White-tailed deer – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Mourning dove and young – James C. Leupold, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Quizzes in this module were developed using Hot Potatoes software (http://web.uvic.ca/hrd/hotpot/)

Wildlife Basics

Content writers and reviewers
Tom Jacobs, Sheridan High School, Sheridan, Arkansas
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Jim Miller, Mississippi State University Extension Service
Rex Roberg, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Major portions of text for the wildlife concepts were adapted from the 4-H Wildlife Habitat Evaluation Program national handbook.

Animation
Chris Meux, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Kevin Quinn, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Photo credits - Concepts
Turtles – Lynn Betts, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Mustangs – Bureau of Land Management
Field border – Dot Paul, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Red cockaded woodpecker – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Photo Credits – Species Specifics
Bobwhite, male, with leaves in background – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Brushy fencerow - Tom Jacobs, Sheridan High School, Sheridan, Arkansas
Bobwhite nest – Steven Smith, Oklahoma State University
Bobwhite grass cover – Paul Fusco, Natural Resource Conservation Service
Quail hunters – North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
Mourning dove on nest (two photos) - Janelle Midtbo, Mississippi State University
Mourning dove perched on limb – Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
Mourning dove egg – Janelle Midtbo, Mississippi State University
Mourning dove pair - Janelle Midtbo, Mississippi State University
Dove hunter – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Waterfowl hunters – University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension
Doe crossing road – Ken Hammond, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Does on hillside – Nebraska Game and Parks Department
Fawn on ground – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Fawn eating – Nebraska Game and Parks Department
Deer hunter and guide – Short Creek Outdoors
White-tailed deer (buck with green background) – John Stehn, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Photo Credits – Plants
Bobwhite – Missouri State Parks Department
Mourning dove – Janelle Midtbo, Mississippi State University
Arrowhead - Larry Allain, The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Arrowhead -  Jim Stasz,  The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Arrowhead – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Bristlegrass (green) – David Powell, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Bristlegrass (yellow, seed) – USDA APHIS PPQ Archives, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Barnyardgrass - Larry Allain, The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Barnyardgrass (seed, black bg) – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Beggartick (flower) - Thomas G. Barnes, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Beggartick (plant with black background) - William S. Justice, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Blackberry (flower) - John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Blackberry (berry) – Luther Goldman, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Bulrush (both photos) - A. Murray, University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Used with permission. 
Chufa – The Waterways Experiment Station, U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center (www.wes.army.mil)
Dogwood – David J. Moorhead, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Goldenrod – John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Greenbrier – John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Japanese honeysuckle (bush) – James R. Allison, Georgia Department of Natural Resources, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Japanese honeysuckle -  Chuck Bargeron, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Oak (two photos, post oak acorn and leaf, one photo white oak acorn) – Paul Wray, Iowa State University, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Panicum (up close seed head) - A. Murray, University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Used with permission. 
Panicum (switchgrass,bunch) – The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Panicum (switchgrass, grass and seed head) - The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Partridge pea (flowering plant) – The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Partridge pea (flower) – The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Paspalum – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Persimmon (fruit and tree) – John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Pigweed (smooth) - John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Pines (loblolly female cones) – Erick G. Vallery, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Poison ivy (Eastern) – Paul Wray Iowa State University, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Pokeweed - John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Prairie sunflower – Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Ragweed (giant) – John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Ragweed (lanceleaf) - John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Rice (cultivated) – Robert Soreng, The Plants Database, USDA-Natural Resources Conservation Service
Smartweed (Pennsylvania) - Thomas G. Barnes, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Smartweed (bog) – Robert H. Mohlenbrock, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Sumac (smooth, bush) – Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Sumac (smooth, flowers) – Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Sumac (smooth, seed head) – Paul Wray, Iowa State University, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Vetch (American) (flower) – Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Wooly croton - John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Habitat Management

Content writers and reviewers
John Jennings, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
David Long, Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Jim Miller, Mississippi State University
Frank Roth, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service (retired)
Rex Roberg, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Charles Self, Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Fred Ward, Arkansas Game and Fish Commission (retired)
Don White, University of Arkansas – Monticello
Suzanne Wiley, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service (retired)

The section on Technical and Financial Assistance was adapted from an out-of-print landowner assistance publication produced by the Arkansas Multi-Agency Wetland Planning Team.

The section on forestry practices was adapted from a soon-to-be-published fact sheet titled “Managing Hardwoods for Wildlife” by Dr. Don White.

The section on pastureland practices was adapted from a fact sheet titled “Managing Pastures and Haylands for Wildlife

Photo credits
Wet pasture – Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Conservation tillage (two photos with tractors) – Tim McCabe, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Conservation tillage (wheat) – U.S. Department of Agriculture
Disking strip through pine – David Powell, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Grassed waterway – Charlie Rahm, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Riparian buffer – Natural Resources Conservation Service
Livestock grazing near eroded bank – Tom Riley, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension
Herbicide backpack – James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Herbicide 4-wheeler application - James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Herbicide tree injector - James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Forest opening – Ben Tarpenning, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Prescribe burn backfire – David J. Moorhead, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Prescribe burn hardwood regeneration - David J. Moorhead, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Prescribed burn disked fire break - David J. Moorhead, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Prescribed burn fire equipment - David J. Moorhead, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Prescribed burn dozer on fireline - James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Snag with people – Chris Schnepf, University of Idaho, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Tree cavities - Chris Schnepf, University of Idaho, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Forestry seed tree cutting results – Mary Ann Fajvan, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Forestry selection thinning with dozer - David J. Moorhead, The University of Georgia, posted on USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Wildlife food plot tractor – Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension
Planted roadway – Bill Tarpenning, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Herbicide 4-wheeler spray boom - James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Laurel greenbrier - William S. Justice, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Prairie bundleflower – Thomas Barnes, The Plants Database, USDA- Natural Resources Conservation Service
Measuring success – Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Livestock damage to forest – Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Wetland levee - Bill Tarpenning, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org
Water control structure (pipe) – Natural Resources Conservation Service
Water impoundment - Bill Tarpenning, USDA Forest Service, www.forestryimages.org

Legal Aspects

Content writers
Janie Hipp, J.D., LL.M. (Agricultural Law), University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Photo credits
Dove hunter – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission
Duck hunter – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission

Major portions of this section are from a fact sheet title “Wildlife Leases and Liability Issues on Private Lands” and “Hunting Waterfowl and Doves on Agricultural Lands in Arkansas

Your Wildlife Enterprise

Content writers and reviewers
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Sayeed R. Mehmood, University of Arkansas-Monticello
Jim Miller, Mississippi State University
Billy Moore, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Ron Rainey, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Bob Reynolds, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Photo credits
Labor – William Martin, www.lamartin.com
Bobwhite poultry house – Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Hunter in field – Ken Hammond, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Duck hunters – Arkansas Game and Fish Commission

Meet Enterprise Managers

Content writer
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Videographer
Kevin Quinn, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Photo credits
White-tailed deer – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Other photos
Kevin Quinn, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Becky McPeake, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Special thanks for interview recommendations and coordination to:
Mitch Crow, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Steve Kelly, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Wes Kirkpatrick, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Billy Moore, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Rex Roberg, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service

Copyright 2004 || Disclaimer || Acknowledgments